Academic

Academic grading in Canada

Academic grading in Canada varies by province, level of education (high school or university, e.g.), institution and faculty (for example, Ryerson or Université du Québec à Montréal). The following are commonly used conversions from percentage grades to letter grades, however, this is not necessarily meaningful, since there is not a uniform scheme for assigning percentage grades either.

In British Columbia:

  • A: 86-100
  • B: 73-85
  • C+: 67-72
  • C: 60-66
  • C-: 50-59
  • I : 49 and below (temporary)
  • F : 49 and below (permanent)

In Alberta:

  • A: 80-100
  • B: 65-79
  • C: 50-64
  • D: 0-49

In Newfoundland and Labrador:

  • A+: 90% - 100%
  • A: 85% - 90%
  • A-: 80% - 84%
  • B+: 75% - 79%
  • B: 70% - 74%
  • B-: 65% - 69%
  • C: 60% - 64%
  • C-: 55% - 59%
  • D: 50% - 54%
  • F: 0% - 49% (Grade F is the sole failing mark.)

In Ontario:

  • A (Level 4, above government standards) 80% and above
  • B (Level 3, at government standards) 70-79%
  • C (Level 2, below, but approaching government standards) 60-69%
  • D (Level 1, well below government standards) 50-59%
  • R (Remedial standards-used in elementary schools), or F (Failing standards-used in high schools), 49% and below.
  • There are also + and - modifiers. A+ is close to 100% and better than A, A is better than A-, A- is better than B+. So on and so forth. There are no modifiers for R. Some teachers will assign a level number instead of a letter grade. For example, a "4+" corresponds to A+, 2 corresponds to C, and 1- corresponds to D-. Grades using this system do not have an R or F grade.

In Saskatchewan:

  • A+: 90-100%
  • A: 80-89%
  • B: 70-79%
  • C: 60-69%
  • D: 50-59%
  • F: 0-49%

In elementary schools "M" may be used to indicate a student is in a modified program (for children with learning disabilities, etc.)

In Manitoba

  • 7th & 8th Grade
  • A+:100
  • A :95
  • A-:90
  • B+:85
  • B :80
  • B-:75
  • C+:70
  • C :65
  • C-:60
  • F :Failure

Senior 1-4:

Grade 9-12 students need to obtain 30 credits in 4 years. The credits are given on a pass-fail system. Each teacher creates his own standard of the pass-fail line. The line can be no less than 50% and no greater than 70%. When the student completes Senior 4 a class rank based on the curve will be put on his transcript.

In Quebec

  • A+:100(Best)
  • A :95 (above standards)
  • A-:90 (above standards)
  • B+:85 (above standards)
  • B :80 (at government standards)
  • B-:75 (at government standards)
  • C+:70 (at government standards)
  • C :65 (lower standards)
  • C-:60 (lower standards)
  • D+ :55 (Failure)
  • D :50
  • D-:45
  • E+:40
  • E :35
  • E-:30

At a high school level, each subject is separated in three competencies. On report cards, marks are shown as letters and an average of the three marks associated to the subject will be calculated, For example, if a student achieves A, A- and B+ in a subject, teachers will calculate an average of the three marks (in this case, 90%).

Quebec passing mark is 60% and not 50% as compared to some other provinces. Also worth note the military pass mark is also generally 60%.

Grading Scale

Graduate Programs

Letter Grade Numerical Grade Grade Points Letter Grade Definitions
A+
A
95-100
90-94
4.33
4.00
Excellent. First Class Standing.
A-
B+
85-89
80-84
3.67
3.33
Very Good. Second Class Standing.
B 75-79 3.00 Satisfactory.
B- 70-74 2.67 Marginal pass. A passing grade indicating marginal performance. Student not likely to succeed in subsequent courses in the subject.
F 0-69 0.00 Unsatisfactory. Fail. Knowledge of principles and facts is fragmentary, or student has failed to complete substantive course requirements.

Minimum pass for students in a graduate program: a student who receives a B- or lower in two or more courses will be required to withdraw regardless of their grade point average unless the program recommends otherwise.

Individual programs may require a higher minimum passing grade.

Undergraduate Academic/Career/Developmental Programs

Letter Grade Numerical Grade Grade Points Letter Grade Definitions
A+
A
A-
90-100
85-89
80-84
90-100
85-89
80-84
Excellent. First Class Standing. Superior Performance showing comprehensive, in-depth understanding of subject matter. Demonstrates initiative and fluency of expression.
B+
B
B-
77-79
73-76
70-72
3.33
3.00
2.67
Very Good. Second Class Standing. Clearly above average performance with knowledge of principles and facts generally complete and with no serious deficiencies.
C+
C
65-69
60-64
2.33
2.00
Satisfactory. Basic understanding with knowledge of principles and facts at least adequate to communicate intelligently in the discipline.
C- 55-59 1.67 Pass. Some understanding of principles and facts but with definite deficiencies.
D 50-54 1.00 Minimal Pass. A passing grade indicating marginal performance. Student not likely to succeed in subsequent courses in the subject.
F 0-49 0.00 Unsatisfactory. Fail. Knowledge of principles and facts is fragmentary; or student has failed to complete substantive course requirements.
DNC 0.00 Did not complete the course, less than 50% of course work completed or mandatory course component(s) not completed. No official withdrawal.

Vocational Trades/Non-Trades Programs

Letter Grade Numerical Grade Grade Points Letter Grade Definitions
A+
A
A-
98-100
94-97
90-93
4.33
4.00
3.67
Excellent. First Class Standing. Superior Performance showing comprehensive, in-depth understanding of subject matter. Demonstrates initiative and fluency of expression.
B+
B
B-
86-89
82-85
78-81
3.33
3.00
2.67
Very Good. Second Class Standing. Clearly above average performance with knowledge of principles and facts generally complete and with no serious deficiencies.
C+ C 74-77
70-73
2.33 2.00 Satisfactory Pass. Basic understanding with knowledge of principles and facts at least adequate to communicate intelligently in the discipline, but with definite deficiencies.
F 0-69 0.00 Unsatisfactory. Fail. Knowledge of principles and facts is fragmentary; or student has failed to complete substantive course requirements.

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